Simple Present

woman using macbook sitting on white couch

Context and Uses of Simple Present:

The Simple Present Tense is used to talk about general truths, habitual actions, and events that are happening now. It is often used to express facts, routines, or things that are true in the present.

Here are a few specific uses:

To describe routine actions or habits.

To state general facts or truths.

To express universal truths or laws of nature.

To talk about scheduled events in the future.


Formulas for the Simple Present Tense:

Positive Sentences:

Subject + Verb (Base Form) + Object.

“I play basketball.”

Negative Sentences:

Subject + do/does + not + Verb (Base Form) + Object.

“I do not (don’t) play basketball.”

Questions:

Do/Does + Subject + Verb (Base Form) + Object?

“Do you play basketball?”


Examples:

Here are 15 examples of the simple present tense:

“She visits the museum every week.”

“They don’t watch TV on weekdays.”

“Do you finish your work on time?”

“We play soccer every weekend.”

“He doesn’t like spicy food.”

“She writes emails to her colleagues.”

“Do you enjoy hiking?”

“I study French in the evenings.”

“They don’t go to the gym regularly.”

“She feels happy when she listens to music.”

“Do you see the sunrise every day?”

“We decide where to eat for dinner.”

“He doesn’t understand the new software.”

“They bake cookies for special occasions.”

“Do you send birthday cards to your friends?”


Practice:

Complete the sentence using the verb in parenthesis:

  1. “I ____(read) a book every night.”
  2. “They ____(not eat) meat.”
  3. “Does he ____(like) coffee?”
  4. “We ____(watch) movies on Fridays.”
  5. “She ____(not speak) Spanish.”
  6. “Do you ____(enjoy) gardening?”
  7. “It ____(rain) a lot in this season.”
  8. “They ____(not have) a car.”
  9. “Does she ____(play) the piano?”
  10. “I ____(exercise) regularly.”
  11. “She ____(not work) on weekends.”
  12. “Do we ____(visit) the museum often?”
  13. “He ____(not take) sugar in his tea.”
  14. “They ____(travel) abroad every year.”
  15. “Does he ____(understand) the assignment?”

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Answers:

  1. read
  2. do not (don’t) eat
  3. like
  4. watch
  5. does not (doesn’t) speak
  6. enjoy
  7. rains
  8. do not (don’t) have
  9. play
  10. exercise
  11. does not (doesn’t) work
  12. visit
  13. does not (doesn’t) take
  14. travel
  15. understand

Reading:

Meet Alex. Alex is a student. Alex’s day usually starts early in the morning. Alex wakes up at 7:00 a.m. and gets out of bed. The first thing Alex does is brush the teeth. Then, Alex takes a quick shower to feel refreshed.

After getting dressed, Alex goes to the kitchen for breakfast. Alex enjoys a bowl of cereal and a glass of orange juice. Breakfast is an important part of Alex’s morning routine.

Now, it’s time for school. Alex walks to school every day. The school is not far from Alex’s house. Classes start at 9:00 a.m., and they finish at 3:00 p.m. Alex studies different subjects like English, math, science, and history.

In the afternoon, Alex likes to relax. Sometimes, Alex watches TV or reads a book. Alex also spends time chatting with friends online.

For dinner, Alex usually eats with the family. Alex’s favorite meal is spaghetti. After dinner, Alex helps with the dishes and then takes a short walk before going to bed.

Before sleeping, Alex always reads a bedtime story. It helps Alex to relax and sleep well. Alex’s day ends at 10:00 p.m.

Practice:

Now, let’s practice what we’ve learned. Answer the following questions about Alex’s daily routine using the simple present tense.

  1. What time does Alex wake up?
  2. What does Alex do first after waking up?
  3. What does Alex have for breakfast?
  4. How does Alex usually go to school?
  5. What is Alex’s favorite meal?

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